If we can't tunnel through the Earth, how do we know what's at its center? A lady introduce her husband's name with saying by which can stop or move train what is that name.
Give points yo advocate thst biology is linked with physics chemistry mathsmatics geography. All Rights Reserved. The material on this site can not be reproduced, distributed, transmitted, cached or otherwise used, except with prior written permission of Multiply. Hottest Questions. Previously Viewed. Unanswered Questions. Computer Networking. Computer Hardware. Wiki User Communications and Network Riser CNR is a interface on a computer motherboard for interfacing a communication device or peripheral.
There have been several competing configurations but none of them seem to have really taken the lead. Although their presence on many recent motherboards intrigues some upgraders, these slots were never intended as general-purpose expansion slots. All of them were designed to be used by OEM system builders, not by backyard mechanics. The result was that, although some motherboards included an AMR slot, very few AMR-compatible cards were ever developed and those that were achieved only limited distribution.
We've seen exactly one AMR card. CNR also adds Plug and Play support and other features of interest to system designers. In practice, we've never seen or even heard of a card designed to fit that slot, so it is effectively a wasted connector.
To accommodate small riser cards, such as a modem riser card, audio riser card, or network riser card.
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CNR Music was created in CNR Bridge was created in CNR Radio was created in CNR Radio ended in China CNR Corporation was created in CNR is one of Weird Al's newest songs.
CNR stands for the late Charlies Nelson Riley who was a kind man and that seemed and very well have had been gay. Weird Al Yankovic's "CNR" is not a direct parody of a song so it is and written by him, but is a parody of the style of music by the band, "The White Stripes". Slot 1 is the slot at the top of the DS, for DS games.Communications and networking riser CNR is a slot found on certain PC motherboards and used for specialized networking, audio, and telephony equipment.
A motherboard manufacturer can choose to provide audionetworkingor modem functionality in any combination on a CNR card. CNR slots were once commonly found on Pentium 4 -class motherboards, but have since been phased out in favor of on-board or embedded components. Physically, a CNR slot has two rows of 30 pins, with two possible pin configurations: Type A and Type B, each with different pin assignments.
This resulted in a quicker production-to-market time for new motherboards, and allowed mass-production of CNR cards to be used on multiple motherboards. The ACR slot was a competing specification developed by a group of third-party vendors.
The same group also developed a physically smaller version, the MDC. With the integration of components such as ethernet and audio into the motherboard, the CNR is obsolete, and is not found on PC motherboards anymore. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Redirected from Communications and Networking Riser.
You can help Wikipedia by expanding it.Every motherboard has certain expansion slots on it for the purpose of adding external peripherals to a computer. The types of expansion slots and the standards they offer have constantly been evolving over the years, and here we will tell you about the most popular ones.
The motherboard is the heart of every computer, and every motherboard has certain expansion slots on it which are used for connecting additional peripherals to the machine itself.
In most cases, the expansion slots are also present at the back or the sides of the machine, which makes it very easy for the user to connect any additional peripherals with ease. These slots are more commonly found in desktops, since the CPU unit has the space to house many such slots. On the other hand, laptops rarely have many slots on their sides, and only house slots which can help the user connect some basic peripherals.
Would you like to write for us? Well, we're looking for good writers who want to spread the word. Get in touch with us and we'll talk Different models of motherboards will have different types of expansion slots, and will also have them present in different numbers.
Knowing about such slots will increase your knowledge about your machine and its basics and this information could prove useful in many different ways. All motherboards come equipped with tools that help in sound production, graphics quality, wired and wireless networking and video production, there are many people who like to attach additional devices and cards that can improve the performance of their machines.
This is where expansion slots come in handy, since they give the user the flexibility to attach any expansion card they want, as long as it is compatible of course. AGP stands for Accelerated Graphics Port, and this slot is commonly used for attaching graphics cards and 3D accelerators to computers. These cards were introduced to the world by Intel, and they make graphics production better because they interact directly with the system memory on the machine.
These slots have been popular for many years now, but they have slowly been phased out in favor of PCI Express slots, which offer faster bandwidth and greater compatibility with other kinds of cards as well. There are many different versions of PCIe cards available today, and all of these differ from each other based on the number of lanes that they possess. The most common use of these slots is to attach 3D cards and graphics cards though, since they offer the best graphical output possible.
Some machines are still manufactured with PCI slots though, but these will soon be phased out completely. PCI is the older standard of PCIe slots, and all machines and motherboards were manufactured with these slots ever since their development by Intel in Their bandwidth transfer rate is much lower though, and this is what made people realize the need for a better nature of slot though, and this is what led to the development of PCIe slots in the first place.
These are very old slots which started the ball rolling in the first place, and they have become obsolete now.How to identify expansion slots? The most visible parts of any motherboard are the expansion slots. An expansion slot of a computer motherboard is used to accept the expansion card or expansion board, adapter card or accessory card to add additional functionality to a computer system. There are many types of expansion slots used in today's computers.
Each type differs in appearance and function. They're easily recognizable because they are usually black and have two parts: one shorter and one longer. Computers made after generally include a few ISA slots for backward compatibility with old expansion cards. They are easily recognizable because they are short around 3 inches long and usually white.
PCI slots can usually be found in any computer that has a Pentium-class processor or higher. In the past, if you wanted to use a high-speed, accelerated 3D graphics video card, you had to install the card into an existing PCI or ISA slot. AGP slots were designed to be a direct connection between the video circuitry and the PC's memory.
It uses the northbridge bus so it is very fast. They are also easily recognizable because they are usually brown, are located right next to the PCI slots on the motherboard, and are shorter than the PCI slots. It also uses the northbridge bus. These designations roughly correspond to similarly designated AGP speeds. The slots for PCIe are a bit harder to identify than other expansion slot types because the slot size corresponds to its speed.
For example, the 1X slot is extremely short less than an inch. The slots get longer in proportion to the speed; the longer the slot, the higher the speed. The reason for this stems from the PCIe concept of lanes, which are the multiplied units of communication between any two PCIe components and are directly related to physical wiring on the bus. Because all PCIe communications are made up of unidirectional coupling between devices, each PCIe card negotiates for the best mutually supported number of lanes with each communications partner.
AMR Expansion Slots As is always the case, Intel and other manufacturers are constantly looking for ways to improve the production process.
The manufacturers developed a way of separating the analog circuitry, for example, modem and analog audio, onto its own card. This allowed the analog circuitry to be separately certified it was its own expansion cardthus reducing time for FCC certification. In addition and despite FCC concerns, integrated components still appear to be enjoying the most success comparatively. Essentially, these pin slots allow a motherboard manufacturer to implement a motherboard chipset with certain integrated features.RANURAS PCI, PCI EXPRESS, AGP Y CNR
Then, if the built-in features of that chipset need to be enhanced by adding Dolby Digital Surround to a standard sound chipset, for examplea CNR riser card could be added to enhance the onboard capabilities. SATA cables can be considerably longer than PATA ribbon cables, allowing the designer more latitude in the physical layout of a system.
All rights reserved.The development of pay-TV in particular has transformed the broadcasting of premium sports leagues. Live content is a key subscription driver for those leagues and underpins many pay-TV business models. As the pay-TV subscriber base rises and revenue per user grows, operators are investing increasing sums to secure this key content.
In 2014 about three quarters of the total value of premium broadcast rights fees will be generated by ten competitions: the top-tier domestic football leagues in England, France, Germany, Italy and Spain, the UEFA Champions League, and the four major North American professional leagues.
Communications and networking riser
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Our flagship business publication has been defining and informing the senior-management agenda since 1964. Article - McKinsey Quarterly - October 2016 Chinese consumers: Revisiting our predictions By Yuval Atsmon and Max Magni Chinese consumers: Revisiting our predictions Article Actions Share this article on LinkedIn Share this article on Twitter Share this article on Facebook Email this article Download this article As their incomes rise, Chinese consumers are trading up and going beyond necessities.
In 2011, we tried our hand at predicting the ways in which, in the decade to come, Chinese consumers would change their preferences and behaviors.The batch topic distribution goes through a number of states until its finished.
Through the status field in the batch topic distribution you can determine when it has been fully processed. Once you delete a batch topic distribution, it is permanently deleted. If you try to delete a batch topic distribution a second time, or a batch topic distribution that does not exist, you will receive a "404 not found" response.
However, if you try to delete a batch topic distribution that is being used at the moment, then BigML. To list all the batch topic distributions, you can use the batchtopicdistribution base URL. By default, only the 20 most recent batch topic distributions will be returned.
You can get your list of batch topic distributions directly in your browser using your own username and API key with the following links. You can also paginate, filter, and order your batch topic distributions. Evaluations Last Updated: Monday, 2017-10-30 10:31 An evaluation provides an easy way to measure the performance of a predictive model. The type of an evaluation can vary.
It can be timeseries type if it is created using a time series. The performance measures provided by BigML will vary depending on the type of evaluation. You can also list all of your evaluations. All the fields in the dataset Specifies the fields in the dataset to be considered to create the evaluation. Specifies the type of ordering followed to pick the instances of the dataset to evaluate the model or ensemble.
There are three different types that you can specify: 0 Deterministic 1 Linear 2 Random For more information, see the Section on Shuffling for more details.
The range of successive instances to evaluate the model. Example: "MySample" tags optional Array of Strings A list of strings that help classify and index your evaluation. Note that their use is deprecated, and maintained only for backwards compatibility. For example, to create a new evaluation named "my evaluation" using the first 50 instances in the dataset. Once an evaluation has been successfully created it will have the following properties.
That is, each measure is computed with respect to each class, then the computed values are averaged to get the average measure. You can read more on macro vs.
The full set of matrices is used to construct the rest of the measures. The first threshold is always nil, indicating the case where everything is classified positively. Ranking Measures measure the quality of the ranking provided by the classifier, as estimated from the performance at different operating thresholds. The canonical curve of this sort is the ROC curve, which shows the false positive rate and the recall at each threshold.
Note that the last threshold is nil, indicating the case where every is classified positively (the curve thresholds are sorted in the opposite order from the list of confusion matrices to maintain a non-decreasing ordering for the x-axis values of the curves). A detailed result object for regression models has the following properties: Time series evaluations compare time series predictions (forecasts) against a test dataset containing true future time series values.
For each field in the test dataset corresponding to the objective fields in the time series model, BigML computes the point predictions using each of the field's ets models (including the trivial ets models), with a forecast horizon equal to the number of rows in the test dataset.
A result object for time series models has the following properties: A detailed result object for time series models has the following properties: Creating an evaluation is a process that can take just a few seconds or a few days depending on the size of the dataset used as input and on the workload of BigML's systems.
The evaluation goes through a number of states until its fully completed. Through the status field in the evaluation you can determine when the evaluation has been fully processed.
Once you delete an evaluation, it is permanently deleted. If you try to delete an evaluation a second time, or an evaluation that does not exist, you will receive a "404 not found" response. However, if you try to delete an evaluation that is being used at the moment, then BigML. To list all the evaluations, you can use the evaluation base URL.Take advantage of advanced targeting options.
You can target audiences by location, age, gender, workplace, relationship status, language, education and more. Zone in on your ideal audience with interest targeting. In addition to the targeting options mentioned above, Facebook allows for some incredible deep interest targeting.
AMR, CNR and ACR slots
This provides tremendous value, and the interest targeting capabilities alone can justify your use of Facebook advertising. Make new friends or focus on the old. Keep an eye on your potential audience meter. Narrow your target with more categories. If you only have a few interests targeted, try adding related topics in the "More Categories" section. There you'll find options for narrowing your audience even further - choose users who have had a birthday recently, who upload a lot of photos on Facebook, etc.
Want to bring customers in store. Try targeting people who live in your town or local area. Couple this with Facebook Offers to be redeemed in store and see just how much in-store footfall you can get from being social.
Upload your mailing list to Facebook. Taking advantage of the custom audiences feature often increases ad conversion rates. You can upload a mailing list or connect directly with Mail Chimp.
Upload a mailing list within Facebook's Create New Audience featureWe've covered all the nitty gritty need-to-knows about Facebook advertising. Now it's time to move on to the Facebook marketing, with tips and tricks that will help your Facebook business page grow, draw in new followers, and remain engaged with customers.
In the past marketers were required to use a third-party application for FB contests, but Facebook recently changed their policy and now allows contests to be hosted directly on Facebook. Hosting a giveaway or contest on Facebook has never been easier. Hide valuable content behind a like barrier. Try a large photo instead of the auto-generated article box. Instead of using the automatically generated link and image block generated by Facebook, attach your own larger social media pic to the post and add the link to the blog post as a neat and tidy bitly URL.
A larger image can do a better job of capturing attention. Get huge, and get creative with your social media imagesDon't be afraid to add some text to your social media image.
Videos have crazy high engagement rates, so use them in your posts to get some serious attention. Redbull has a huge following thanks to their high-quality, visually captivating contentOreo uses video content on Facebook to engage with followers in a unique way, inviting them to play a game5.
Update your cover photo. Change your Facebook cover to mix things up. Changing a cover photo to reflect a season or time of year shows fans that you are making an effort to be active and stay relevant. Updating your cover photo to advertise a special sale or giveaway will also help those events get more attention than they might receive otherwise. Petco does a great job of incorporating a seasonal element into their cover photo7.
Post frequently and consistently. The more you post, the better your chances are of being seen.